Exercise Two

Giving orders

When giving a command for which there is no goal or object, the word is used with an imperative intonation.

Hei tauira:

Maranga!Get up!

The rule for the use of e associated with terms of address and numbers also applies with these commands, i.e. the e is used before words with one long or two short vowels.

Hei tauira:

E tū!Stand up!
E kai!Eat!
E oho!Get up!

However if mai (indicating direction towards the speaker), atu (indicating direction away from the speaker), iho (indicating direction downwards) or ake (indicating direction upwards) are used with these short words, the e is omitted.

Hei tauira:

Kuhu mai!Enter! Come in!
Heke iho!Go down! Get off!
Piki ake!Climb up!
Hoki atu!Go back!

For further explanations and examples: Te Kākano pp. 26-27

Whakamāoritia ngā whakahau.
Translate the commands into Māori.

Don’t forget to use commas, question marks, and fullstops and macrons where appropriate (ā,ē,ī,ō, and ū).

Wait on!

Look here!

Wake up!

Be quiet!

Sit down!

Go back!

Go and sing!

Eat up!

Look at the picture!

Listen to me!

Go and eat!

Stand up!