Exercise Four

Giving orders using Kia

In the previous exercise you have learnt how to give orders and commands using imperative intonations, with the use of e and using directional indicators. The usage of kia is similar to the usage of e, both precede the base, however, kia is used before words that indicate a state, condition or quality that is desired to be achieved. Look at the following examples to see how this structure is used:

Kia tere! Be quick! Hurry up!
Kia kaha! Be strong!
Kia tūpato! Be careful!

The above examples show that the conditions or state (e.g. tere, kaha, tūpato) is the desired state the speaker wishes the listener to achieve.

Further explanations and exercises: Te Kākano p.27.

Tirohia te whakahau Pākehā, kātahi ka whiriwhiri ai i te whakamāoritanga tika mō te whakahau.
Look at the English command, then select the correct translation for the command.

Don’t forget to use commas, question marks, and fullstops and macrons where appropriate (ā,ē,ī,ō, and ū).

Eruera right

Eruera: Kia kaha!

Tarati right

Tarati: Kia toa!

Neihana right

Neihana: Kia tere!

Miria right

Mīria: Kia tūpato!

Te hereripene right

Te Hererīpene: Be good!

Tarati right

Tarati: Be careful!

Wiremu right

Wiremu: Be strong!

Miria right

Mīria: Be quick!