Exercise Nine

Saying 'or'

The word ‘or’ in English is the equivalent to the word rānei in Māori. However, the word rānei comes after the second option and not between the two options like ‘or’ in English. It may also be placed after both options. In addition any particles such as ko, ki, nā, nō combined with words such as te, ngā and possessives need to be repeated before the second option. Below are some examples of how to use rānei in a sentence.

Hei tauira:

Ka haere tātou ki te hī ika, ki te kaukau rānei?Will we be going to fish or to swim?
Nō Ngāti Kahungunu, nō Rongowhakaata rānei a Terena.Terena is either from Ngāti Kahungunu or Rongowhakaata.
Kei te pīrangi koe i te kawhe rānei, i te mairo rānei?Do you want a coffee or a milo?

Further explanations and examples: Te Kākano pp. 100-101.
Whakapākehātia ēnei rerenga kōrero.

Don’t forget to use commas, question marks, and fullstops and macrons where appropriate (ā,ē,ī,ō, and ū).

Are we all going to Te Hererīpene’s or Mīria’s house?

Are you from Invercargill or Ōtaki?

Is your car white or blue?

What are these? Flowers or weeds?

Did you play rugby or league?

What is your favourite sport, basketball or tennis?

What is that, beef or mutton?

Do you like the red wine or the white wine?