Exercise Four

Greetings 2/3

Greetings 2/3

There are two main ways of addressing people:

a using personal names, 'e' is used before the personal name only if it is a short name with no more than one long vowel or two short vowels
e.g. e Mere, e Pita but if the name is longer, such as Wiremu, or the name is not a Māori name, such as Jessica, the name is not preceded by the word 'e'.

e using special terms of address, again 'e' is used before terms of address if they have one long vowel or only two short vowels
e.g. e hine. Here are some terms of address:

E hoa
used for a friend
E kare
used for an intimate friend
E hine
used for a girl or young woman
E tama
used for a boy or young man
E kui
used for an older woman
E koro
used for an older man

For further explanations and exercises check: Te Kākano p. 2

Mihi atu ki ia tāngata.
Greet each of these people.

Kei wareware i a koe ngā piko, ngā tohu pātai, ngā ira kati me ngā tohutō i ngā wāhi e tika ana.

A friend:

An elderly man:

An elderly woman:

A boy:

A close friend:

A girl: