Exercise Eight

Using a and o categories for portable objects

In the Māori language when talking about possession there are two categories known as the a and the o categories. Which is used depends on the relationship between the thing or action that is possessed and the possessor.

Portable objects: These usually fall under the a category. Portable objects consist of things such as pens, cell phones, bags and many other items. For example:

Kei hea tāku pēke?Where is my bag?

However, this excludes items such as chairs, clothing and beds as they fall under the o category because they relate to the body.

Immovable objects: These fall under the o category and include such things as houses and buildings. For example:

Arā tōku whare.There is my house.

Transport: All objects of transport fall under the o category. Transport includes things such as cars, bicycles, trucks, vans. Transport also includes horses if they are being used for transport. For example:

I haere mai au mā runga i tōku pahikara.I came on my bicycle.

For further explanations, examples and exercises: Te Kākano pp. 140-142; Te Kākano CDs Mahi 51-54; Te Kākano Pukapuka Tātaki pp. 33-34

Whiriwhirihia te kupu e tika ana hei whakakī i te āputa.
Choose the correct word to fill the gap.

Kei wareware i a koe ngā piko, ngā tohu pātai, ngā ira kati me ngā tohutō i ngā wāhi e tika ana.

Anei

pukapuka.

Ngāti Tūwharetoa tērā wharenui.

Ko tērā te motokā

Mereana.

Kei runga ia i te tarakihana

Hēmi.

Kei runga

waea pūkoro i te tēpu.

Homai

rūri.

Kua haere ia ki te ngahere mā runga i

hōiho.

I tū

whare i konei.

Ka tae mai

waka rererangi āpōpō.

Kei roto ngā kutikuti

tōku whaea i te kāpata.

Kei hea kē

pahikara?

wai tēnei pene rākau?

Kua eke rātou ki runga i te poti

Tā Tīpene.

Kei runga ngā kurī i te taraka

Herewini.

Anei

pouaka, arā tāu.